Prediabetes & Type 2

The risk factors for prediabetes and type 2 diabetes are the same. You could be at risk for developing prediabetes or type 2 diabetes if you:

  • are overweight;
  • are 45 years or older;
  • have a parent or sibling with type 2 diabetes;
  • are physically active less than three (3) times per week; 
  • have ever had gestational diabetes or given birth to a baby who weighed 9 pounds or more; or
  • are African American, Hispanic/Latino American, American Indian or Alaska Native (some Pacific Islanders and Asian Americans are also at higher risk).

You may be able to prevent, reverse prediabetes or delay type 2 diabetes by making simple, proven lifestyle changes, such as:

  • Losing weight if you are overweight
  • Eating healthier
  • Getting regular physical activity

Type 1 Diabetes

Risk factors for type 1 diabetes are different than those for prediabetes and type 2. Type 1 diabetes is thought to be caused by an immune reaction. Known risk factors include:

  • Family history:  having a parent or sibling with type 1 diabetes
  • Age:  a type 1 diabetes diagnosis can occur at any age but is more likely to develop as a child, teen or young adult.

There are currently no proven ways to prevent type 1 diabetes.