Diabetic Eye Care
A diagnosis of diabetes mellitus puts you at risk for developing diabetic retinopathy, a serious disorder affecting the retina in the eye.
Damage to the retina over time can result in diminished vision and, in some cases, either partial or total blindness. In the early stages, patients may be unaware of this disorder and may experience little or no noticeable loss of vision. A thorough, annual eye exam can detect the presence of this disorder and any changes to the retina.
There are two main types of diabetic retinopathy—background diabetic retinopathy and proliferative diabetic retinopathy. Proliferative diabetic retinopathy is the more advanced stage of the disease, generally affecting people who have had diabetes for 25 years or longer. Background diabetic retinopathy is generally less serious, and in the beginning stages, may require no treatment. Persons with either form of diabetic retinopathy should be carefully monitored by regular eye exams.
Marshall Health uses two different systems for evaluation of diabetic retinopathy—the HRT retinal program and digital fluroscein angiography. Both systems provide images of the retina to detect any changes that may have occurred. A green laser is used to provide treatment for diabetic retinopathy.